Backpacking Egypt

Egypt – for some people, it is simply the ideal place for an all-inclusive vacation at one of the country’s many luxury hotel resorts; others regard it as the stronghold of long-gone cultures. Few recognize this country that borders on Israel, Libya and the Sudan as a worthy backpacking destination. Whether in one of the bustling cities, by the sea or in the desert, everywhere you will be welcomed with open arms and receive all kinds of tips on which of Egypt's little treasures you should explore next. Have fun with our perfect backpacking route for Egypt.


Important Basics

Official language

Arabic

Basic Vocabulary (Egyptian Arabic)
YesNaam; Eywah
NoLä; Le-Eh
Thank youShokran
HelloÄhlam wa sählam
GoodbyeBai Bai
Capital City

Cairo

Form of Government

Presidential Republic

Phone Country Code

+20

Currency

Egyptian Pound

Climate

ø Highest temperature by day: 21 to 37°C

ø Highest temperature at night: 9 to 24°C

Summer: May to October; Winter: December to February (Temperatures 21-23°C)

Fun fact

Cleopatra was actually from Greece, not Egypt?

Cities

Hurghada

This seaside resort provides its visitors with a total of 20 kilometres of sandy beach. With its snow-white sand and coconut palm trees, Magawish Beach is especially paradisical and almost makes you believe that you have accidentally gone on a trip to the Caribbean, instead of Egypt.
We also recommend a visit to the lagoon city of El Gouna and the dream beaches on Mahmya Island, which belongs to the Giftun Island National Park. Hurghada is a true Mecca for water sports enthusiasts. Here, you can do just about any water-based activity you can think of: From wind and kite surfing to deep sea fishing, sailing, pedal boating, snorkelling and aqua parks, everything is possible!

The Red Sea’s fascinating underwater world is a true diver’s paradise. Discover a stunning variety of fish and colourful coral reefs while taking a half-day diving course in Hurghada. For only €8 per person, the course includes two dives, the diving equipment, the transfer and the accompanying instructions you will receive from experienced diving guides. During the boat trip, a free lunch and drinks are also served on board. An unforgettable experience – for both beginner and advanced divers.

If you need a change of scenery, we recommend going on a quad bike desert safari: For only €7 per person, you will be picked up by a jeep in Hurghada and be taken out into the desert. Once there, you will receive a short instruction from the tour guide and, afterwards, you can ride your quad bike over the seemingly endless sand dunes – it is pure adrenalin! The tour also includes a camel ride and a visit to a traditional Bedouin village. Spending the night in a four-bed dorm will cost you only €6.

Luxor

Your trip now takes you to Luxor. With its countless tombs, monuments, temples and museums, the old kingdom’s capital is an absolute must-see on any trip to Egypt.

Explore numerous ancient buildings, such as the world's largest open-air museum, by taking part in a day tour. Visit the eastern and western banks of the Nile as well as the Valley of the Kings with an Egyptologist. Highlights of the trip include a visit to the huge Colossi of Memnon, the tombs of the Pharaohs and the Mortuary Temple of Hatshepsut.

Also don’t forget to explore the oldest religious building in the world, the Karnak Temple complex. This excursion only costs €14 per person and includes the transfer, a guide and lunch.
Back in Luxor, you can stay in a 4-bed dorm at a hostel for around €4 per night.

Aswan

Aswan is Egypt’s southernmost metropolis. Aswan is situated on the eastern bank of the Nile and in the middle of a river landscape. This scenery was formed by heavy granite rocks and is now comprised of numerous islands. Aswan’s city centre has numerous traditional buildings for you to admire.

The most impressive building, however, is located outside the city: the Aswan Dam. It was built in the 1960s and separates the Nile from Lake Nasser. The dam’s construction caused the Nile’s water level to rise. As a result, the well-known Philae temple had to be moved to a new location. It is now located on an island in the middle of the Nile and is one of the city’s most popular sights.

Another famous attraction in Aswan is the unfinished obelisk. At one point in time, it was supposed to become the largest one in all of Egypt. You should definitely also visit the island called Elephantine. This is the place where the Aswan Museum as well as an antique Nilometer are located. For thousands of years, the latter was used to measure the river’s water level by using 90 steps. Sleeping in a private room at a hotel will cost you €16 per night.

Cairo

Cairo is the biggest city on the African continent. In addition to impressive ancient art works, there are also sacred historical buildings of Islamic and Coptic tradition. The Egyptian Museum is located in Cairo’s city centre and houses not only real mummies but also the gold mask of Tutankhamun.

The pyramids of Giza are undoubtedly the country’s most famous attraction. Our recommended day trip lets you journey back in time and straight to ancient Egypt. You will not only be able to enjoy a great view of the legendary Cheops Pyramid, the Khafre Pyramid and the Menkaure Pyramid but also have the opportunity to directly explore the Great Sphinx. Walk in the footprints of ancient Egyptians and visit both the Step Pyramid of Djoser in Saqqara and the historic pyramid and cemetery in Dahshur. This excursion only costs €6 per person and includes lunch, the transfer and an Egyptologist working as a guide.

We also recommend going on a Nile cruise that takes you from Old Cairo to New Cairo. Enjoy a delicious traditional dinner, a belly dance show, Arabic music and a Tanoura show. The night-time view on the illuminated city makes the two-hour cruise a truly special experience. The evening will only cost you €14 per person and the transfer, buffet and live entertainment are all already included in the price. In Kairo, you can stay in a 4-bed dorm at a hostel for around €8 per night.

Alexandria

The Mediterranean metropolis was named after Alexander the Great and, even until today, is the country’s most important commercial centre.

The detailed graphic reconstruction of the Pharos of Alexandria is a highlight on any trip to the city. Not only was it the largest lighthouse in ancient times but it was also one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World before it was destroyed by a large earthquake.

The port city has several buildings and sites well worth seeing. There are, for example, Tahrir Square, the Royal Palace and Mansheya Square. Visit one of the numerous museums, stroll through the “Passage Menasce” shopping mall or simply relax in one of the many seaside resorts. Also consider heading to one of the beautiful beaches that can be found in the city’s eastern districts.

Another extraordinary experience that you can have in Alexandria is that of archaeological diving. As earthquakes caused the city’s ancient centre to become partially flooded, special diving tours are now the only way to look at, for example, the remains of the city’s famous lighthouse or Cleopatra's palace. You can also take part in tours that allow you to see shipwrecks and what remains of Napoleon's fleet.

For only €11 per night, you can sleep in a private room. From Alexandria, you can travel through Cairo and once again back to Hurghada.


Hurghada

Hurghada

This seaside resort provides its visitors with a total of 20 kilometres of sandy beach. With its snow-white sand and coconut palm trees, Magawish Beach is especially paradisical and almost makes you believe that you have accidentally gone on a trip to the Caribbean, instead of Egypt.
We also recommend a visit to the lagoon city of El Gouna and the dream beaches on Mahmya Island, which belongs to the Giftun Island National Park. Hurghada is a true Mecca for water sports enthusiasts. Here, you can do just about any water-based activity you can think of: From wind and kite surfing to deep sea fishing, sailing, pedal boating, snorkelling and aqua parks, everything is possible!

The Red Sea’s fascinating underwater world is a true diver’s paradise. Discover a stunning variety of fish and colourful coral reefs while taking a half-day diving course in Hurghada. For only €8 per person, the course includes two dives, the diving equipment, the transfer and the accompanying instructions you will receive from experienced diving guides. During the boat trip, a free lunch and drinks are also served on board. An unforgettable experience – for both beginner and advanced divers.

If you need a change of scenery, we recommend going on a quad bike desert safari: For only €7 per person, you will be picked up by a jeep in Hurghada and be taken out into the desert. Once there, you will receive a short instruction from the tour guide and, afterwards, you can ride your quad bike over the seemingly endless sand dunes – it is pure adrenalin! The tour also includes a camel ride and a visit to a traditional Bedouin village. Spending the night in a four-bed dorm will cost you only €6.

Luxor

Luxor

Your trip now takes you to Luxor. With its countless tombs, monuments, temples and museums, the old kingdom’s capital is an absolute must-see on any trip to Egypt.

Explore numerous ancient buildings, such as the world's largest open-air museum, by taking part in a day tour. Visit the eastern and western banks of the Nile as well as the Valley of the Kings with an Egyptologist. Highlights of the trip include a visit to the huge Colossi of Memnon, the tombs of the Pharaohs and the Mortuary Temple of Hatshepsut.

Also don’t forget to explore the oldest religious building in the world, the Karnak Temple complex. This excursion only costs €14 per person and includes the transfer, a guide and lunch.
Back in Luxor, you can stay in a 4-bed dorm at a hostel for around €4 per night.

Aswan

Aswan

Aswan is Egypt’s southernmost metropolis. Aswan is situated on the eastern bank of the Nile and in the middle of a river landscape. This scenery was formed by heavy granite rocks and is now comprised of numerous islands. Aswan’s city centre has numerous traditional buildings for you to admire.

The most impressive building, however, is located outside the city: the Aswan Dam. It was built in the 1960s and separates the Nile from Lake Nasser. The dam’s construction caused the Nile’s water level to rise. As a result, the well-known Philae temple had to be moved to a new location. It is now located on an island in the middle of the Nile and is one of the city’s most popular sights.

Another famous attraction in Aswan is the unfinished obelisk. At one point in time, it was supposed to become the largest one in all of Egypt. You should definitely also visit the island called Elephantine. This is the place where the Aswan Museum as well as an antique Nilometer are located. For thousands of years, the latter was used to measure the river’s water level by using 90 steps. Sleeping in a private room at a hotel will cost you €16 per night.

Cairo

Cairo

Cairo is the biggest city on the African continent. In addition to impressive ancient art works, there are also sacred historical buildings of Islamic and Coptic tradition. The Egyptian Museum is located in Cairo’s city centre and houses not only real mummies but also the gold mask of Tutankhamun.

The pyramids of Giza are undoubtedly the country’s most famous attraction. Our recommended day trip lets you journey back in time and straight to ancient Egypt. You will not only be able to enjoy a great view of the legendary Cheops Pyramid, the Khafre Pyramid and the Menkaure Pyramid but also have the opportunity to directly explore the Great Sphinx. Walk in the footprints of ancient Egyptians and visit both the Step Pyramid of Djoser in Saqqara and the historic pyramid and cemetery in Dahshur. This excursion only costs €6 per person and includes lunch, the transfer and an Egyptologist working as a guide.

We also recommend going on a Nile cruise that takes you from Old Cairo to New Cairo. Enjoy a delicious traditional dinner, a belly dance show, Arabic music and a Tanoura show. The night-time view on the illuminated city makes the two-hour cruise a truly special experience. The evening will only cost you €14 per person and the transfer, buffet and live entertainment are all already included in the price. In Kairo, you can stay in a 4-bed dorm at a hostel for around €8 per night.

Alexandria

Alexandria

The Mediterranean metropolis was named after Alexander the Great and, even until today, is the country’s most important commercial centre.

The detailed graphic reconstruction of the Pharos of Alexandria is a highlight on any trip to the city. Not only was it the largest lighthouse in ancient times but it was also one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World before it was destroyed by a large earthquake.

The port city has several buildings and sites well worth seeing. There are, for example, Tahrir Square, the Royal Palace and Mansheya Square. Visit one of the numerous museums, stroll through the “Passage Menasce” shopping mall or simply relax in one of the many seaside resorts. Also consider heading to one of the beautiful beaches that can be found in the city’s eastern districts.

Another extraordinary experience that you can have in Alexandria is that of archaeological diving. As earthquakes caused the city’s ancient centre to become partially flooded, special diving tours are now the only way to look at, for example, the remains of the city’s famous lighthouse or Cleopatra's palace. You can also take part in tours that allow you to see shipwrecks and what remains of Napoleon's fleet.

For only €11 per night, you can sleep in a private room. From Alexandria, you can travel through Cairo and once again back to Hurghada.

Egypt Route Map

Itinerary and Stops.

Tag
Route/Station
Transport
Unterkunft
1. Hurghada
Hurghada
-
four-bed dorm
6
2. Hurghada
Hurghada
-
four-bed dorm
6
3. Hurghada
Hurghada
-
four-bed dorm
6
4. Hurghada
Hurghada
-
four-bed dorm
6
5. Hurghada- Luxor
Hurghada- Luxor
Bus
2
four-bed dorm
4
6. Luxor
Luxor
-
four-bed dorm
4
7. Luxor- Aswan
Luxor- Aswan
train
2
private room
16
8. Aswan
Aswan
-
private room
16
9. Aswan
Aswan
-
private room
16
10. Aswan- Luxor
Aswan- Luxor
train
2
four-bed dorm
4
11. Luxor - Cairo
Luxor - Cairo
night train
5
night train
12. Cairo
Cairo
-
four-bed dorm
8
13. Cairo
Cairo
-
four-bed dorm
8
14. Cairo - Alexandria
Cairo - Alexandria
train
2
private room
11
15. Alexandria
Alexandria
-
private room
11
16. Alexandria - Cairo
Alexandria - Cairo
train
2
four-bed dorm
8
17. Cairo - Hurghada
Cairo - Hurghada
Bus
3
four-bed dorm
6
18. Hurghada
Hurghada
-
four-bed dorm
6
19. Hurghada
Hurghada
-
four-bed dorm
6
20. Hurghada
Hurghada
-
four-bed dorm
6
21. Hurghada
Hurghada
flight home

Total price.

Flights 200,00
Transportation 19,00
Tours 49,00
Accommodation 154,00
Total422,00

Du möchtest 

deine eigene

Reise erstellen?

Du möchtest deine

eigene Reise erstellen?

Dos and Donts, Food & Drinks, Costs.

Breakfast

Foul: This dish consists of cooked beans, tomatoes and herbs. Chickpeas are another common ingredient and shouldn’t be forgotten about

Soups

Egyptian lentil soup: This soup is made from red lentils and is seasoned with some spices and a bit of cream.

Main Courses

Koshari: This is the Egyptian national dish and is made up of lentils mixed together with rice and chickpeas. For added nutrition, noodles are also often included.

Mahsi: A typical Egyptian meal consisting of stuffed and baked bell peppers. They are served with rolled wine leaves and rice.

Umm Ali: This sweet bread casserole is eaten as both a dessert and a main course. It is an absolute must-eat on your trip!

Fatta: This dish is mainly cooked with garlic and rice and is often served with chickpeas and a spicy sauce.

Falafel: Be it in a salad or in a wrap, falafel are certainly one of Egypt’s staple dishes.

Drinks & Snacks

Tirmis: This typical Egyptian snack consists of salted beans, or rather soybeans, and is often served with drinks.

Shai:This sweetened tea is made from mint and milk and is absolutely perfect for in between meals.

Egypt

The exchange rate for 10 Egyptian Pounds is around €0.59 (as of February 2020). See prices for certain products and the cost of living below:

Cost of Living 

Food

Free Time

Personal Hygiene

Dos

Leave corals and shells in the ocean: Leave corals and shells where they belong, it’s the right thing to do. If you try to take them with you, you may also encounter problems when trying to leave the country.

Explore the desert: In order to fully experience Egypt, you need to leave the tourist centres behind you and head out into the desert.

Wear a head covering: It not only protects you from the sun but is also the local custom.

Don'ts

Wear revealing clothing outside: In Egypt, walking around in beachwear is only appropriate when you are inside the hotel. In public areas, it is best to wear long and loose clothes instead.

Buy expensive items on the marketplace: It’s supposed to be a real art? There’s a good chance you are actually just getting ripped off, so best not take that risk

Take pictures of military facilities: Doing so is strictly prohibited in Egypt and you should respect the fact that it is forbidden.

Visa, Visa, Passport & Vaccinations

Passport

Yes

Temporary passport

Yes

National ID

Yes

Temporary national ID

No

Child’s pass

Yes

Visa

Yes

Vaccine

Robert-Koch-Instituts

Additional Remarks.

Travel documents must be valid for at least six months past your trip at the time of entry.

The team at Backpacker Trail wishes you lots of fun and an unforgettable trip!

Success message!
Warning message!
Error message!